A Simplified, Reliable Approach for Advancement Genioplasty.
JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2016 Mar-Apr;18(2):114-8
Authors: Chan D, Ducic Y
IMPORTANCE: Advancement genioplasty is a versatile procedure able to address both functional and cosmetic issues. It is commonly performed by oral surgeons and less so by facial plastic and plastic surgeons, presumably because of its inherent risks.
OBJECTIVES: To present our technique for advancement genioplasty and our aesthetic and functional outcomes.
DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective review was conducted of the medical records of 126 patients who had undergone advancement genioplasty with our modified technique in a private practice setting from September 1997, through September 2014. Our analysis was performed between January and March 2015.
MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Description of technique and evaluation of complication rates, improvement in sleep apnea symptoms, and patient satisfaction.
RESULTS: The 126 patients had a mean age of 39.8 years. There were 81 male and 45 female patients. The overall complication rate was 6.3% (8 of the 126 patients). Complications included plate extrusion in 2 patients, infection in 2 patients, mental nerve injury in 3 patients, and tooth root injury in 1 patient. Patients were satisfied with the aesthetic result of the procedure, which also produced an improvement in obstructive sleep apnea in 82 of 89 (92%) patients with sleep apnea.
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Advancement genioplasty is a valuable tool that can address both functional and aesthetic issues. The technique presented here allows safe, reliable, and effective execution of the procedure.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.
PMID: 26720636 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]